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Spanish Grammar - Comparatives and Superlatives

Irregular Adjectivesshow/hide

Adjective Comparative Superlative
  • bueno/a
  • good
  • mejor
  • better
  • el/la mejor
  • best
  • malo/a
  • bad
  • peor
  • worse
  • el/la peor
  • worst
  • grande/a
  • big
  • mayor
  • bigger
  • el/la mayor
  • biggest
  • pequeño/a
  • small
  • menor
  • smaller
  • el/la menor
  • smallest
  • viejo/a
  • old
  • mayor
  • older
  • el/la mayor
  • oldest
  • joven/a
  • young
  • menor
  • younger
  • el/la menor
  • youngest

Comparativesshow/hide

If you compare two unequal things by using adjectives, adverbs, or nouns, you use the following construction:

  • más/menos + adj/adv/noun + que
    • Este coche es más limpio que aquél.
    • This car is cleaner than that one.
    • Vas a empezar más temprano que yo.
    • You will begin earlier than I will.
    • Mi madre tiene menos paciencia que mi padre.
    • My mother has less patience than my father.

If you compare two unequal things by using verbs, you use the following construction:

  • verb + más/menos + que
    • Mis hermanas leen más que yo.
    • My sisters read more than I do.

If you compare two equal things by using adjectives or adverbs, you use the following construction:

  • tan + adj/adv + como
    • Mi casa es tan grande como tu casa.
    • My house is as big as your house.

If you compare two equal things by using singular or plural nouns, you use the following construction:

  • tanto/a(s) + noun + como
    • Hago tantos ejercicios como mi hermana.
    • I do as many exercises as my sister does.

If you compare two equal things by using verbs, you use the following construction:

  • verb + tanto como
    • Juan lee tanto como tú.
    • Juan reads as much as you do.

Superlativesshow/hide

To form the superlative, use the following construction if the last part of the superlative sentence is a noun:

  • el/la/los/las + noun + más/menos + adjective + de + noun
    • Nueva York es la ciudad más famosa de los ciudades grandes.
    • New York is the most famous city of the big cities.

To form the superlative, use the following construction if the last part of the superlative sentence is a verb or clause:

  • el/la/los/las + noun + más/menos + adjective + de + verb or clause
    • Es la película menos interesante que María ha visto.
    • It is the least interesting film María has seen.

Exercise It!show/hide