Grammar \ Explanations \ Pronouns \ Personal Pronouns

Spanish Grammar - Personal Pronouns

Stressed Personal Pronouns Unstressed Personal Pronouns
Subject Pronouns
pronombres usados como sujetos
Prepositional Object Pronouns Direct Object Pronoun
pronombres de complemento directo
Indirect Object Pronouns
pronombres de complemento indirecto
yo I me me me me me
you you te you te you
él he él him lo him, it le him, it
ella she ella her la her, it her, it
usted you (for) usted you (for) lo/la you (for) you (for)
nosotros/-as we nosotros/-as us nos us nos us
vosotros/-as you vosotros/-as you os you os you
ellos they (m) ellos them (m) los them (m) les them (m)
ellas they (f) ellas them (f) las them (f) them (f)
ustedes you (for) ustedes you (for) los/las you (for) you (for)

Subject Pronounsshow/hide

The subject pronouns are generally not spoken in the Spanish language because the acting person is implied in the used verb form:

  • ¿Dónde trabajas? - Trabajo en Chicago.
  • Where do you work? - I work in Chicago.

The subject pronoun is only used in combination with the verb when it needs to be emphasized:

  • Él es cocinero y ella es actriz.
  • He is chef and she is actress.

Prepositional Object Pronounsshow/hide

As their name implies, prepositional object pronouns are used in combination with prepositions:

  • ¿Conocéis a ?
  • Do you know me?
  • íDa el regalo a ella!
  • Give her the present.
  • Sé todo de .
  • I know everything about you.
  • Este libro es para ellos.
  • This book is for you.

The first and second form singular changes if the pronoun is following the preposition con:

  • Vas conmigo.
  • You go with me.
  • Voy contigo.
  • I go with you.

Direct Object Pronounsshow/hide

Direct object pronouns replace the noun that directly receives the action of the verb:

  • Os necesito.
  • I need you.
  • Lo tenemos.
  • We have it.
  • ¿Conoces Juan? - Sí, lo conozco.
  • Do you know Juan? - Yes I know him

When the verb is an infinitive construction, the object pronoun can be either attached to the infinitive or placed before the conjugated verb:

  • Lo voy a comprar a Walmart. → Voy a comprarlo a Walmart.
  • I am going to buy it at Walmart.

Indirect Object Pronounsshow/hide

Indirect object pronouns identify to whom/what or for whom an action is done:

  • Te regalo el vino.
  • I give you the wine.
  • Les vendes las pinturas.
  • You sell them the paintings.
  • ¿Le preguntas dinero a tu amigo?
  • Do you ask him for money?
  • No les compramos un regalo.
  • We don't buy them a present.

When the verb is an infinitive construction, the object pronoun can be either attached to the infinitive or placed before the conjugated verb:

  • Le voy a besar mañana. → Voy a besarle mañana.
  • I am going to kiss her tomorrow.