Tenses \ Subjuntivo \ Pretérito Imperfecto \ Conjugation and Usage

Subjuntivo Pretérito Imperfecto

hablar comer vivir
yo hablara
hablase
comiera
comiese
viviera
viviese
hablaras
hablases
comieras
comieses
vivieras
vivieses
usted hablara
hablase
comiera
comiese
viviera
viviese
nosotros/nosotras habláramos
hablásemos
comiéramos
comiésemos
viviéramos
viviésemos
vosotros/vosotras hablarais
hablaseis
comierais
comieseis
vivierais
vivieseis
ustedes hablaran
hablasen
comieran
comiesen
vivieran
viviesen

The subjuntivo imperfecto of all verbs is formed by dropping the -ron ending from the 3rd plural form (ustedes/ellos/ellas) of the indicativo indefinido and adding the subjuntivo imperfecto endings presented in the table above.

The first plural form (nosotros/-as) always has a written accent!

In Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries or regions, the subjuntivo imperfecto is commonly used with the second set of endings presented in the table above (-se, -ses, -se, -semon, -seis, -sen). This form is also represented in literature.

In our vocabulary trainers, we focus on the first set of endings.

Usageshow/hide

The subjuntivo imperfecto is required in the same situations as all other subjuntivo tenses. Please see our special usage of subjuntivo page to learn when to use the subjuntivo.

The subjuntivo imperfecto refers to actions in the past:

  • Busqué documentos que describieran el contracto.
  • I looked for documents that described the contract.
  • El doctor recomendó que bebiera menos alcohol.
  • The doctor recommended that I drink less alcohol.

The subjuntivo imperfecto is used after the expression como si (as if):

  • Carla se porta como si fuera loca.
  • Carla behaves as if she were crazy.

In combination with the verb querer the subjuntivo imperfecto is commonly used to make polite requests:

  • Quisiera que me visiten mañana.
  • I would like you to visit me tomorrow.